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"Money Makes The World Go Round" - 'Euro Day' 1st January


This week's theme for our CST activities page is 'Money Makes The World Go Round' because 'Euro Day' was on 1st January 2024. Also, 'The Royal Mint' has announced the launch of their 2024 coin set.


This year’s Annual Sets are a true celebration of British culture that honour Buckingham Palace, Sir Winston Churchill, the National Gallery, the RNLI, and Team GB and ParalympicsGB.


His Majesty’s eight definitive coins, which include reverse designs inspired by his passion for conservation and the natural world, feature as part of the Annual Sets for the first time.

What do people think of the new designs? What are the animals and plants or flowers?

Our smallest denomination features an adorable little mammal, the hazel dormouse. Mostly found in southern England, in places such as Sussex, Devon and Kent, the hazel dormouse population in the UK has halved since 2007. However, more than 1,000 have been reintroduced in 13 different counties across the country in the hope that they can once again thrive in the wild.

The red squirrel’s beautiful orange-red fur makes it the perfect creature to feature on our new 2p coin. The red squirrel lives in woodland, with 75% of its UK population found in areas of Scotland. It can also be found in Northern Ireland, the Isle of Wight, Brownsea Island, Anglesey, Cumbria, Kielder Forest and Formby.

Supporting more life than any other native tree species in the UK, the oak tree is a British wildlife hero. They host hundreds of insects, which are an important food source for birds, and provide acorns for mammals such as squirrels and badgers to feed on.

The capercaillie is a huge woodland grouse that can grow up to 87cm long and has an impressive wingspan of up to 125cm. They are found in Scottish native pinewood and feed on berries, shoots and stems. Despite their size, they are very shy and difficult to find. Unfortunately, the number of capercaillies has reduced dramatically in recent years and they are in danger of becoming extinct.

With their unmistakable colourful bills and distinctive black and white feathers, puffins are one of Britain’s most popular seabirds. Around 10% of the worldwide puffin population breeds along the UK coastline. Classed asa Red List species, puffins are endangered and at risk of extinction, so action is needed to protect their nesting sites and food supplies.

Leaping on to our new 50p coin is the Atlantic salmon. These large fish can be found in very clean rivers in Scotland and Wales along with those in North and South West England. Wild populations of Atlantic salmon are low due to factors like river pollution, habitat loss, river heating – due to a lack of tree cover and climate change – and overfishing.

There are more than 250 different species of bee living in the UK, including the bumblebee, honey bee and mining bee, and now they are creating a buzz on our new £1 coin. These busy insects play a very important role in pollinating many plants and fruiting trees, which not only provide food for humans but also homes for wildlife.

The largest of the UK’s definitive coins features flowers and plants that represent the four countries of the United Kingdom – a rose for England, a daffodil for Wales, a thistle for Scotland and a shamrock for Northern Ireland.


Ask members who remembers 'Decimal Day' in 1971? How difficult was it swapping over to the new prices on everything?

Who remembers the old cash register? Did anyone work in a shop and use one?

What about the old credit card swipe machine? Who remembers typing with carbon paper?

When is the last time you signed a cheque? Do people tend to pay for things with money still, or do they use their bank card to swipe or pay online?

Does anyone collect coins? Does anyone still have some pre-decimal coins or notes? What about stamp collecting (philately) or any other collecting hobbies?

How much pocket money did you used to get? What did you spend it on?

Here are the first bank notes featuring King Charles 111 issued by the Bank of England.

What do people think of the new polymer bank notes? Has anyone washed one yet and put it through the tumble dryer?

Look at the reverse of our current bank notes. Who do they feature and what were they famous for?

The £5 note features Winston Churchill, one of the greatest statesmen of all time, and the only Prime Minister to win the 'Nobel Prize for Literature'. The images on the back of the note show a view of Westminster, home of the UK government, and the Elizabeth Tower (containing the bell 'Big Ben') from London’s South Bank, looking across Westminster Bridge.

The £10 note features the distinguished author Jane Austen. Books by her included 'Pride and Prejudice', 'Sense and Sensibility', 'Mansfield Park', 'Northanger Abbey' and 'Emma'. When it was released in 2016, an artist produced a few notes with a microdrawing of an inscription by Jane Austen on it? The words were, "I hope I never ridicule what is wise or good." These five notes were said to be worth £50,000 each, if you were lucky enough to find one.

J.M.W. Turner features on the £20 note. Turner is perhaps the single most influential British artist of all time. His self-portrait, painted in 1799 and currently on display in the Tate Britain, features on the new note, along with his painting of 'The Fighting Temeraire'; a tribute to the ship which played a distinguished role in Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

The mathematician, computer scientist and 'Enigma Code' breaker Alan Turing features on the new £50 polymer note. He was chosen following a national poll and is recognised not only for his Second World War heroism, but also for the fact that he was a gay man living in a time of prejudice and discrimination, who was chemically castrated as an alternative to prison and died at the age of 41 after taking cyanide.

What about previous withdrawn bank notes. Identify these famous people ...

Florence Nightingale, 12th May 1820 - 13th August 1910

Founder of modern nursing

Charles Darwin, 12th February 1809 - 19th April 1882

'Theory Of Evolution'

Charles Dickens, 7th February 1912 - 9th June 1870

Great novelist of the Victorian era - 'Great Expectations', 'Oliver Twist', 'A Tale Of Two Cities' etc

Edward Elgar, 2nd June 1857 - 23rd February 1934

English composer - 'The Planets Suite', 'Enigma Variations' etc

Christopher Wren, 20th October 1632 - 25th February 1723

Architect of 'St Paul's Cathedral'

William Shakespeare, 26th April 1564 - 23rd April 1616

'The Bard Of Avon'

Isaac Newton, 4th January 1643 - 31st March 1727

'Theory Of Gravity'

Duke Of Wellington, 1st May 1769 - 14th September 1852

Defeated Napoleon at the 'Battle Of Waterloo' in 1815

Elizabeth Fry, 21st May 1780 - 12th October 1845

Quaker prison reformer

Who do you think should feature on future bank notes?

Finally, we asked if anyone regularly plays 'games' to win money, either 'Bingo', 'The National Lottery', 'The Pools' or 'Premium Bonds'.

We asked members whether anyone had ever had a lucky windfall from one of these, or something else, for example an inheritance?

We went around the room and asked members, if they had £50,000 to spend, what would they do with the money to treat themselves (paying bills was not allowed).

The minute you walked in the joint I could see you were a man of distinction A real big spender Good lookin' so refined Say, wouldn't you like to know what's goin' on in my mind? So let me get right to the point I don't pop my cork for every man I see Hey big spender, Spend a little time with me

Wouldn't you like to have fun, fun, fun How's about a few laughs, laughs I could show you a good time Let me show you a good time!

The minute you walked in the joint I could see you were a man of distinction A real big spender Good lookin' so refined Say, wouldn't you like to know what's goin' on in my mind? So let me get right to the point, I don't pop my cork for every guy I see Hey big spender Hey big spender Hey big spender Spend, a little time with me Yes


Next, we asked members to complete the following phrases:

Rich man, poor man, beggar man - THIEF

Money makes the world go - ROUND

Three coins in a - FOUNTAIN

Sound as a - POUND

Treasure - ISLAND

Long John - SILVER

Born with a silver spoon in his - MOUTH

Break the - BANK

Bring home the - BACON

Cash in your - CHIPS

Foot the - BILL

From rags to - RICHES

Sticky - FINGERS

Live hand to - MOUTH

Pay an arm and a - LEG


Pay a King's - RANSOM

Pick up the - TAB

Pour money down the - DRAIN

Put your money where your - MOUTH IS

Bet your bottom - DOLLAR

Money doesn't grow on - TREES

Strike it - LUCKY/RICH

Money - TALKS

Worth it's weight in - GOLD

On the - HOUSE

Pay - PEANUTS (get monkeys)

Feel like a million - DOLLARS

Bread and - BUTTER

Diamonds are a girl's - BEST FRIEND

Spend a - PENNY

Filthy - RICH

The penny - DROPPED

The love of money is the root of all - EVIL

Money makes the world go - ROUND

Find a penny pick it up, all day long you'll have - GOOD LUCK

SONG. 'Money, Money, Money, ABBA -

Can members think of any slang names for money?



I work all night, I work all day to pay the bills I have to pay Ain't it sad? And still there never seems to be a single penny left for me That's too bad In my dreams I have a plan If I got me a wealthy man I wouldn't have to work at all, I'd fool around and have a ball

Money, money, money Must be funny In the rich man's world Money, money, money Always sunny In the rich man's world Aha All the things I could do If I had a little money It's a rich man's world It's a rich man's world

A man like that is hard to find but I can't get him off my mind Ain't it sad? And if he happens to be free I bet he wouldn't fancy me That's too bad So I must leave, I'll have to go To Las Vegas or Monaco And win a fortune in a game, my life will never be the same

Money, money, money Must be funny In the rich man's world Money, money, money Always sunny In the rich man's world Aha All the things I could do If I had a little money It's a rich man's world


We continued with asking the following questions ...

ROUND 1. Old Money

​What bird was on a 'Farthing' (a quarter of an old penny)?

​Which character featured on the front of the old 'Penny'?

​How many sides did an old 'Thrupenny bit' have?

​Which festive pudding was a 'Sixpence' traditionally baked into?

​What boy's name was given to a 'Shilling'?

​How many 'Pennies' were in a 'Shilling'?

​How many 'Shillings' were there in an old 'Pound'?

SONG. 'Penny Lane', The Beatles -

What would you be doing if you were 'spending a penny'?


Penny Lane, there is a barber showing photographs Of every head he's had the pleasure to know And all the people that come and go Stop and say, "Hello"

On the corner is a banker with a motorcar And little children laugh at him behind his back And the banker never wears a Mac in the pouring rain Very strange

Penny Lane is in my ears and in my eyes Wet beneath the blue suburban skies I sit and meanwhile back in

Penny Lane, there is a fireman with an hourglass And in his pocket is a portrait of the Queen He likes to keep his fire engine clean It's a clean machine

Penny Lane, is in my ears and in my eyes A four of fish and finger pies In summer, meanwhile back

Behind the shelter in the middle of a roundabout A pretty nurse is selling poppies from a tray And though she feels as if she's in a play She is anyway

Penny Lane, the barber shaves another customer We see the banker sitting waiting for a trim And then, the fireman rushes in from the pouring rain Very strange

Penny Lane is in my ears and in my eyes There beneath the blue suburban skies I sit and meanwhile back Penny Lane is in my ears and in my eyes There beneath the blue suburban skies Penny Lane

ROUND 2. New Money

​Who is currently Chancellor Of The Exchequer?

​Who came before him? He is currently our Prime Minister (and richer than the King)?

​Where is 'The Royal Mint'? (Bank notes are produced at 'De La Rue' in Basingstoke.)

​How many sides does a 50p coin have?

What particular occasion did this fake coin 'celebrate'?

​How much is £1 worth today, in terms of value, compared to 1971?

What emblems can you see on this coin?

​In which year was the last ha'penny produced?

​In money terms, what does 'BOGOF' mean?

​Where would you find 'The Crown Jewels'? (The 'Cullinan' is the most expensive jewel, valued at £400m alone!)

How much is the slang term 'A Pony'?

What about a 'Lady Godiva', 'A Bullseye' and 'A Monkey'?


Tumble out of bed And stumble to the kitchen Pour myself a cup of ambition And yawn and stretch and try to come to life Jump in the shower And the blood starts pumpin' Out on the streets, the traffic starts jumpin' For folks like me on the job from 9 to 5

Workin' 9 to 5 What a way to make a livin' Barely gettin' by It's all takin' and no givin'

They just use your mind And they never give you credit It's enough to drive you Crazy if you let it

9 to 5 For service and devotion You would think that I Would deserve a fat promotion Want to move ahead But the boss won't seem to let me I swear sometimes that man is Out to get me, hmmm

They let you dream Just a watch 'em shatter You're just a step on the boss man's ladder But you got dreams he'll never take away In the same boat with a lot of your friends Waitin' for the day your ship'll come in And the tide's gonna turn And it's all gonna roll you away

Workin' 9 to 5 What a way to make livin' Barely gettin' by It's all takin' and no givin' They just use your mind And you never get the credit It's enough to drive you Crazy if you let it 9 to 5


​Name these two early presenters of 'Antiques Roadshow' (The show started in 1979.)?

​What about these more recent presenters?

​This 'Faberge Flower' is one of the most valuable items to feature on the show. How much was it worth in 2018?

​In the TV sitcom 'Steptoe And Son', what was the name of their horse? What was their trade?

​In the TV sitcom, where highly paid jobs were given up for 'The Good Life', what were the characters' names?

​Who starred in the TV sitcom 'The Rise And Fall Of Reginald Perrin'?

What animal did he imagine when he thought of his mother-in-law?

​Who presented the TV quiz show 'Play Your Cards Right'?

What pose did he used to do?

Who originally presented the TV quiz show 'The Price Is Right'?​

​Who originally presented 'Who Wants To Be A Millionaire?' when it first broadcast in 1998 and who presents it now?

​Who presented 'Deal Or No Deal'?

​Who presents 'Tipping Point'?

​What are the 'Chasers' nicknames?

​ Who is the Chairman Of The Boardroom in 'The Apprentice'?

Video break ...

In The TV sitcom 'Only Fools And Horses', what was sold at auction to make Del Boy and Rodney millionaires?

SONG. 'Money For Nothing', Dire Straits -

Listen carefully, who is singing backing vocals on this track?

ROUND 4. Movies

(Ask members which songs they would like you to play.)

​SONG. 'Three Coins In A Fountain', Frank Sinatra - Which fountain is old Blue Eyes singing about?

​Who starred in the 1953 movie 'Gentlemen Prefer Blondes'? The stand out song from this movie was 'Diamonds Are A Girl's Best Friend', sung by MM -

​Who are these three characters, from the 1968 movie 'Oliver'? The standout song from this film was 'Food Glorious Food' ("Please Sir, can I have some more?") -

​Who starred in the 1968 movie 'The Thomas Crown Affair' (about a bank robbery)?

The hit song from this film was 'Windmills Of Your Mind', sung by Noel Harrison -

​Where was the 1972 movie 'Cabaret', starring Liza Minnelli and Michael York, set? The standout song from this film was 'Money Makes The World Go Round', sung by LM -

​In the 1969 movie 'The Italian Job', what was Michael Caine's catchphrase? The standout song from this movie was 'Self Preservation Society' -

​In the 1971 movie 'Fiddle On The Roof', who played the lead role of Tevye (and sang this song) ... 'If I Were A Rich Man', Fiddler On The Roof -

​What was the 1988 movie 'Buster' about (an event which took place in 1963)? The standout song from this movie was 'Two Hearts', by Phil Collins -

​In the 1996 movie 'Evita', who was the film about? Although there is a song 'And The Money Kept Rilling In', the standout song was of course 'Don't Cry For Me Argentina' -

ROUND 5. More Songs About Money

Who appeared on the album cover (download from the internet and pass the picture around)?

An alternative question is, how much do you have to pay to 'Get Out Of Jail' in a game of 'Monopoly'?

'Money's Too Tight To Mention', Simply Red -

Who is the lead singer of 'Simply Red'?

Which best selling album is this track taken from?

'Can't Buy Me Love', The Beatles -

Having said that .... Name these two actors from the 1990 movie 'Pretty Woman'?

'Money',The Flying Lizards -

Thinking of the line 'The best things in life are free', ask members to think of some things that money can't buy ....

Having said that ... Nearest guess. How much is a 'Penny Black', released in 1840, worth these days (one in good condition)?

Talk about inflation!