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'Remembrance Sunday' 🥀 12th November

The theme for this week's 'Young Onset Dementia CST Friendship Group' was 'Remembrance Day', which falls on 12th November this year.

We discussed the meaning of 'Remembrance Day' and asked members if anyone had a parent or grandparent who served in the Second World War, or other conflicts. Several members had, so this was very important to recognise.

We reminded ourselves that 'Remembrance Sunday' is held in the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth of Nations as a day "To commemorate the contribution of British and Commonwealth military and civilian servicemen and women in the two World Wars and later conflicts". It is held on the second Sunday in November, the Sunday nearest to 11th November, which is the anniversary of 'Armistice Day', which marked the end of hostilities in the First World War at the 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month in 1918.

We talked about things which reminded us of 'Remembrance Day', with our list being as follows:

- Wearing poppies. The poppy was chosen as the symbol for The Royal British Legion fundraising effort, which raises funds to support ex-servicemen and women, because it was included in the first line of the poem 'In Flanders Fields' which referred to the fact that they were the first flowers to grow in the churned up earth of soldiers' graves. (The poem is included in full below.)

- The Queen (now King), Prime Minister and other dignitaries laying wreaths at the Cenotaph in Whitehall, London, on 'Remembrance Sunday'. This is a monument to lost servicemen and women and the Unknown Soldier, but actually the grave of the Unknown Solider is in Westminster Abbey.

- Two minutes silence at 11 am, which is observed across the country on 'Remembrance Sunday' to pay tribute to those who gave their lives to give us a better future. Big Ben will chime at 11 am, after undergoing repairs.


Next, we asked members to complete the following phrases together ....

All’s fair in love and WAR

At daggers DRAWN

At gun POINT

Axe to GRIND

Battle of WITS / NERVES

Bite the BULLET

Bombs AWAY

In the WARS

Bury the HATCHET



Don’t mention the WAR (Basil Fawlty)

Don’t shoot the MESSENGER

Double edged SWORD


Fight fire with FIRE

Fight an uphill BATTLE

Set your SIGHTS


Keep your powder DRY

Knight in shining ARMOUR

On your GUARD

Open old WOUNDS

Over the TOP

Pull the TRIGGER

Trigger HAPPY

Fighter PILOT



Wave the white FLAG

Hold your PEACE

Make love not WAR

Give peace a CHANCE (John Lennon)

First singalong ...


There'll be bluebirds over The white cliffs of Dover Tomorrow, just you wait and see

There'll be love and laughter And peace ever after Tomorrow, when the world is free

The shepherd will tend his sheep The valley will bloom again And Jimmy will go to sleep In his own little room again

There'll be bluebirds over The white cliffs of Dover Tomorrow, just you wait and see

The shepherd will tend his sheep The valley will bloom again And Jimmy will go to sleep In his own little room again

There'll be bluebirds over The white cliffs of Dover Tomorrow, just you wait and see


Next, we completed a music and picture quiz together, which aimed to provide a means of reminscence and cognitive stimulation.

(Please proceed with a note of caution, as some individuals may have had traumatic wartime experiences or lost loved ones during conflicts. This emphasises once again the importance of biographical person centred assessment before engaging people with dementia in meaningful CST activities.)

The quiz, I hope, avoids the more distressing aspects of World War Two and focuses more on the home front experience and arts and media representations.

The virtual prize this week was the lovely book 'Wartime Kitchen And Garden', by Jennifer Davies.

(Please remember to simplify the quiz, according to the cognitive needs of your group. Reminiscence and story telling are far more important than score keeping. Celebrate engagement and inclusion in whatever form it takes, for example, singing, dancing, laughter and so on. Give lots of clues, such as first names of actors and films. Increase the focus on music if the group is struggling with content. Use this activities page as a loose guide. Most importantly, have fun with it!)

Here's a recipe from this book and TV series ....

'Curried egg sandwiches for VE Day' -

ROUND 1. The Home Front

​What were the 'Reserved Occupations' exempted from conscription during the Second World War? Name as many of them as you can.

​What were the three tasks of the 'Air Raid Precautions Wardens'?

What did 'Standard Rations' include? Make as complete a list of ingredients as you can. (Interesting fact: There were three things a person ALWAYS had to carry with them during the war. Their Ration Book, Identity Card and gas mask.)

​Regarding WW2 food items ...

What do the initials 'S.P.A.M.' stand for?

What do the initials 'H.P. Sauce' stand for?

What plant flavoured 'CAMP Coffee'?

Which part of UK government set up the 'Dig For Victory' campaign? (Discussion point: Does anyone still grow their own produce or have an allotment?)

​Members of the 'Women's Land Army' were known as what?

What was this type of air raid shelter known as? (Does anyone still have one in their garden?)

​Where did Londoners shelter during air raids in WW2?

How many children were evacuated from London to the countryside in 'Operation Pied Piper' in September 1939? (Nearest guess)

​'Dad's Army' TV programme portrayed the role of which force?

Name the characters and their catchphrases if you can?

Here you go ...

Together with that classic clip -

Also, here are the opening titles -

SONG BREAK. 'Pack Up Your Troubles'/'It's A Long Way To Tipperary', Robert Mandell -

'National Conscription' or mandatory enlistment of civilians to one of the armed forces was more commonly referred to as what?


It's a long way to Tipperary,

It's a long way to go.

It's a long way to Tipperary

To the sweetest girl I know!

Goodbye, To Picca-dilly,

Farewell, Leicester Square!

It's a long long way to Tipperary,

But my heart's right there.

Pack up your troubles in your old kit-bag,

And smile, smile, smile,

While you've a lucifer to light your fag,

smile, boys, that's the style.

What's the use of worrying?

It never was worth while so

Pack up your troubles in your old kit-bag, and smile, smile, smile.

ROUND 2. The War Front

What were, and still are, the three 'British Armed Forces'?

Which two characters are these?

Lord K********

Uncle S**

​Where did the 'Anzac' and 'Gurkha' allied forces come from?

Which two aircraft were said to have 'Won the Battle Of Britain' from 10th July - 31st October 1940?

​Japan entered WW2 in December 1941 with an attack on 'Pearl Harbour'. Where is 'Pearl Harbour'?

​Who invented the 'bouncing bomb' used in the 'Dambusters' raids on German Ruhr dams on 16th-17th May 1943? Here it the music -

What were the code names for the five landing beaches in Normandy where 'D Day' took place on 6th June 1944? What was the name of the 1998 movie starring Tom Hanks about 'D Day'?

​What did the 'G.I.' stand for in 'G.I. Joe'?

​Colditz Castle, near Leipzig in Germany, was a prisoner of war camp for Allied officers who were considered 'incorrigible', as they had escaped from other camps. How many British officers escaped from there during the war years (nearest guess)? (Did anyone have this board game as children?)

​Thinking of German forces, what were these called: - Their air force? - Their submarines? - Their V1 flying bombs? - Their State Secret Police? - Their emblem?

​What was the name of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber which dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima on 6th August 1945?

SONG. 'Pipes Of Peace', Paul McCartney -

On what day was this song set? What game did British and German soldiers play together when peace broke out?

ROUND 3. Heroes

​Name this WW2 Prime Minister?

What was his political party?

​Name the King and the Queen in the war years, who did so much to raise public morale?

(The bombing of Buckingham Palace led the Queen Mother to say: "I am glad we have been bombed.Now we can look the East End in the eye.")

​What was Queen Elizabeth's job in WW2?

​Who wrote a diary from the family attic in which she was hiding from the Nazis?

In which city did she live?

​Name the German businessman who saved the lives of more than 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his Polish enamelware and munitions factories?

How many people were lost in the Holocaust?

​Name the RAF pilot who lost both his legs in a plane crash but learned to walk and fly again?

What was the German equivalent aircraft to the Spitfire?

​Name the mathematician and computer scientist that saved countless lives with his ground-breaking work at Bletchley Park?

Which code did he break?

​Name the WW2 veteran who raised money for NHS charities during the COVID-19 pandemic?

How much did he raise?

​Name the Welsh Falklands War veteran?

What ship was he injured on?

​Name the games for injured servicemen and women that Prince Harry established in 2014?

In which war did Prince Harry (Officer Cadet Wales) serve?

Video break ...

"Anything that is not actually impossible can be done, if one really sets one's mind to do it and is determined that it shall be done."

Sir Nicholas Winton 1909-2015

Watch this very moving video of hero Sir Nicholas Winton being reunited by Esther Rantzen with some of the 669 Jewish ­children he saved from the Nazis. She recalls: “He had rediscovered an old album in his loft that contained the details of hundreds of children whose lives he had saved by organising transport for them, trains to get out of Prague, before the Nazis invaded and found families to bring them up in Britain. The children didn’t know he was responsible and he didn’t know where they were. He wanted to return these

documents because he realised they were the only link to their family life before the holocaust.

We need a song break I feel ...

What was Vera Lynn's nickname in WW2?


Let's say goodbye with a smile, dear Just for a while dear we must part Don't let this parting upset you I'll not forget you, sweetheart

We'll meet again Don't know where Don't know when But I know we'll meet again some sunny day

Keep smiling through Just like you always do 'Til the blue skies chase those dark clouds far away

And I will just say hello To the folks that you know Tell them you won't be long They'll be happy to know That as I saw you go You were singing this song

We'll meet again Don't know where Don't know when But I know we'll meet again some sunny day

And I will just say hello To the folks that you know Tell them you won't be long They'll be happy to know That as I saw you go You were singing this song

We'll meet again Don't know where Don't know when But I know we'll meet again some sunny day

ROUND 4. TV & Movies

​Who starred in the 1942 movie 'Casablanca'?

Where is 'Casablanca'?

Here is the iconic song -

Bloody Mary is a character in the 1946 movie 'South Pacific', who sings 'Bali Hai' and 'Happy Talk'. What are the ingredients of a 'Bloody Mary' cocktail? Here's another song from this movie, 'There Is Nothing Like A Dame' -

​What 1953 war movie features Burt Lancaster and Deborah Kerr making love in the waves?

Where is the River Kwai? (1953 movie) Complete the song - "Hitler has only got one ball ..."

'Colonel Bogey March' -

​Which 1963 World War Two film is this still taken from?

And what is the character's & actor's names?

Here is the opening theme music -

What was the name of the TV sitcom about a Royal Artillery concert party based in Burma during the last months of WW2?

Name these two actors?

Here is their hit song -

​Name the TV sitcom set in a French cafe during WW2?

Whose catchphrase was, "Listen very carefully, I shall say this only once!"? Titles -

​Name the painting from the above show?

How much did it sell for in 2018?

​T or F. 'Fawlty Towers' had an episode with the title 'Don't Mention The War'?

Which character & actor was doing the 'goose-step'?

Titles -

Which TV comedy show's 4th series saw men in WW1 'going over the top'?

Name the two lead characters & actors? Here is a link to a sketch from that show -

​What does 'M.A.S.H.' stand for and which war was the TV show about?

Here is the theme song -

​Who starred in the 1998 movie 'Good Morning Vietnam'?

Here is the theme song 'What A Wonderful World' -

Complete these song titles from this 1965 movie? (Time to pick up some extra points)

- I Have ..........

- Sixteen Going On .........

- My Favourite ......

- Climb Ev'ry ........

- The Lonely ........

- Do, Re, ..

- Something ....

- So Long, ........

- Eidel - .....

- The Sound Of .....

Here's a link to the 'Sound Of Music Overture', which reprises most of these songs -

Where is this? The ceramic poppies in 2014 were a dramatic tribute to the fallen.

Where is the 'Festival Of Remembrance' held each year?

A couple of rousing songs to finish ...


SONG. 'Imagine', John Lennon -

What was his wife's name?


Glen Miller was a best selling recording artist from 1939-43. What was his genre of music known as?

What instruments were played in his 'Big Band'?

If you want to get people up and dancing, here is a link to a Jive Bunny 'Glen Miller Medley' -


To finish the session, you might like to read aloud the poem 'In Flanders Fields', written by John McCrae, in May 1915.

In Flanders fields the poppies blow

Between the crosses, row on row,

That mark our place; and in the sky

The larks, still bravely singing, fly

Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago

We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,

Loved and were loved, and now we lie

In Flanders fields. Take up our quarrel with the foe:

To you from failing hands we throw

The torch; be yours to hold it high.

If ye break faith with us who die

We shall not sleep, though poppies grow

In Flanders fields.

And the extract from the poem 'For the Fallen' by Robert Laurence Binyon, published in The Times newspaper on 21st September 1914.

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:

Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.

At the going down of the sun and in the morning

We will remember them.

To finish, here is 'The Last Post' -


Here is an activity suggestion. You could work with members to make poppies out of plastic bottle bottoms, or paint poppies on beach pebbles.


'Reserved Occupations' were exempted from conscription. They included:

- Doctors

- Miners

- Farmers

- Scientists

- Merchant Seamen

- School Teachers

- Railway and Dock Workers

- Utility Workers - Water, Gas & Electricity

'Air Raid Precautions Wardens' were tasked with:

- Ensuring 'Black Out Blinds' were in order

- Raising the alarm when incoming enemy aircraft were spotted

- Sounding the 'All Clear'

'Standard Rations' included (per person, per week) APRIL 1945 figs;

- Bacon and ham 4 oz (113 g)

- Sugar 8 oz (227 g)

- Loose tea 2 oz (57 g)

- Meat 1s. 2d. (equivalent to £2.31 in 2016)

- Cheese 2 oz (57 g) (Vegetarians were allowed an extra 3 oz (85 g) cheese)

- Preserves 1 lb (0.45 kg) per month

- Butter 2 oz (57 g)

- Margarine 4 oz (113 g)

- Lard 2 oz (57 g)

- Sweets 12 oz (340 g) per month

'Special Processed American Meat'

'Houses of Parliament Sauce'

Chicory (Endive)

The 'Dig For Victory' campaign was set up by the 'British Ministry Of Agriculture'

'Women's Land Army' workers were known as 'Land Girls'

'Anderson Air Raid Shelter'