American Icons

This week's virtual 'Cariad Dementia Cafe' had a theme of 'American Icons', in light of it being 'Independence Day' on 4th July.

We invited members to attend the group with a photo of their own American icon - their favourite person, living or dead. After introductions, we asked members to say why they rate that person so highly. And what they think of America and Americans generally?

We then moved on to the pictures and music quiz. This week's virtual prize was a hot dog!

(Simplify as necessary, e.g. give initials or first names and words. Encourage story telling. Reduce content to just photographs and songs if members are funding it difficult to engage in answering questions.)


1. Who is this actor and cultural icon?

He lived 1931-1955.

What was the name of his most celebrated 1955 movie? - 'Rebel ....... . .....'

Quote: "Dream as if you'll live forever. Live as if you'll die today."

2. Who is this film producer?

He lived 1901-1966.

What animated character was his most famous creation? - ...... .....

Quote: "The way to get started is to quit talking and begin doing."

3. Who is this actress and princess?

She lived 1929-1982.

For which 1954 movie did she win a 'Best Actress Academy Award' for? - 'The ....... ....'

Who did she marry in 1956? - ...... .......

Quote: “ don't get anything for nothing. Everything has to be earned, through work, persistence and honesty.”

4. Who is this singer songwriter?

Born 1941-

What are his two most celebrated songs (1963 & 1964)? - 'Blowin' .. ... ....' & 'The ..... .... ... . .......'

Quote: "Some people feel the rain. Others just get wet."

5. Who is this jazz trumpeter and singer?

He lived 1901-1971.

What was his nickname? - '.......'

For which 1964 song did he win a Grammy Award? - 'Hello .....'

Quote: "I never want to be anything more than I am; what I don't have, I don't need."

6. Who is this actress?

She lived 1908-1989.

For which 1935 and 1938 movies did she win 'Best Actress Academy Awards'? - 'D........' & 'J......'

She famously had a hostile relationship with which co-star? - .... ........

Quote: "Without wonder and insight, acting is just a trade. With it, it becomes creation."

SONG. 'Bette Davis Eyes', Kim Carne -

Complete the movie titles:

'Dark - .......' 1940

'The Little - .....' 1942

'Now, - .......' 1943

'All About - ...' 1951

'Whatever Happened To - .... ....' 1963

7. Who is this astronaut?

He lived 1930-2012.

What date was the moon landing? - .. .... ....

What was the name of the landing craft? - '... .....'

Quote: "It's one small step for man. One giant leap for mankind."  

8. Who is this actress and singer?

She lived 1922-1969.

For which 1955 movie did she win a Golden Globe? - 'A .... .. ....'

Quote: "Always be a first-rate version of yourself, instead of a second-rate version of somebody else."

9. Who is this most decorated Olympian of all time?

His nickname is 'The Baltimore Bullet'.

Born 1985-

How many Olympic medals did he win in his glittering competitive swimming career? -

Quote: "You can't put a limit on anything. The more you dream, the farther you get."

10. Who is this former US President (2009-2017)?

Born 1961-

Where was he born? - ........

What is his wife's name? - ........

Quote: "Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we've been waiting for. We are the change that we seek."

11. Who is this actress?

Her nickname was 'The Blonde Bombshell'.

She lived 1926-1962.

What was her real name? - ..... .... .........

Who did she sing 'Happy Birthday' to in 1962? - ...

Quote: "Imperfection is beauty, madness is genius and it's better to be absolutely ridiculous than absolutely boring."

12. Who is this singer and performer?

His nickname was 'The King Of Rock And Roll'.

He lived 1935-1977.

What was his best selling song in the U.K.? - 'It's ... .. .....' (1.3m sold).

Where did he live? - '.........'

Quote: "Ambition is a dream with a V8 engine."

SONG. 'Hound Dog', Elvis Presley -

Complete these song titles:

'All - ..... ..'

'Jailhouse - ....'

'Are You - ........ .......'

'Wooden - .....'

'Can't - .... ....... .. ....'

'Return - .. ......'

'The - ...... .. ...'

'Way - ....'

'Viva ... .....'

'In ... ......'

13. Who is this highest earning box office star of all time?

Born 1956-

What was his highest earning 2010 film? - '... ..... .' ($1.7bn)

Complete this phrase from his 1994 movie? - "Moma always said life was like . ... .. .........."

Quote: "Everybody has something that chews them up and, for me, that thing was always loneliness. The cinema has the power to make you not feel lonely, even when you are."

14. Who is this movie director?

His nickname is 'The King Of Entertainment'.

Born 1946-

What was the name his biggest box office hit? - '........ ....' (1993) (Think merchandise!)

Quote: "Every time I go to a movie, it's magic, no matter what the movie's about."

15. Who is this gay rights activist?

He lived 1930-1978.

What was the name of the riots in Manhattan in 1969 that were said to have been 'the tipping point' for the Gay Liberation Movement in the USA? - '.........'

What celebratory march takes place in London and other cities each year that remember this? - '.....'

Quote: "Imagine a world without hate!"

16. Who is this businessman and philanthropist?

His nickname is 'The Richest Man In The World'.

Born 1955-

He founded which tech company? - '.........'

What is his estimated worth? - $

Quote: "It's fine to celebrate success but it is more important to heed the lessons of failure."

17. Who is this preacher and civil rights activist?

He lived 1929-1968.

In which year did he deliver his 'I have a dream' speech? - .. ...... ....

YouTube link to speech here -

Quote: "Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that."

18. Who is this singer songwriter and philanthropist (Books To Children)?

Her nickname is 'The Queen Of Nashville'.

Born 1946-

What were her two UK top 10 hits in 1976 and 1983? - '......' & '....... .. ... ......'

What is the name of her homestead? - '.........'

Quote: "The way I see it, if you want the rainbow, you gotta put up with the rain."

SONG. 'Islands In The Stream', by Dolly Parton -

Who did she duet with on this song? - ..... ......

19. Who is this actor and disability rights activist?

His nickname was 'Superman'.

He lived 1952-2004.

His foundation lobbies for improved rights and treatments for which condition? - ...... .... ......

Quote: "I think a hero is an ordinary individual who finds strength to persevere and endure in spite of overwhelming obstacles."

20. Who is this three times World Heavyweight Boxing Champion and advocate for Parkinson's disease?

His nickname was 'The Greatest'.

He lived 1942-2016.

What was his former name? - ....... ....

Complete the following quote - "Float like a butterfly - ..... .... . ..."

21. Who is this actor and filmmaker?

His nickname was 'The Duke'.

He lived 1907-1979.

What was his real name? - ...... ...... ........

What 1970 film did he win a Best Actor Academy Award for" - '.... ....'

Complete this quote from that film? - "Get off your horse and - ..... .... ...."

Quote: "Tomorrow hopes we have learned something from yesterday."

22. Who is this talk show host, actress, media executive and philanthropist?

Her nickname is 'Lady O'.

Born 1954-

What was the name of the 1985 film in which Oprah starred alongside Whoopi Goldberg in the story of early 1900's black women's struggle against abuse and oppression? - '... ..... ......'

Quote: "Think like a queen. A queen is not afraid to fail. Failure is another steppingstone to greatness."

23. Who is this former US President (1961-63)?

He lived 1917-1963.

Who shot him on November 22, 1963? - ... ...... ......

Where did it happen? - ......

Quote: "Art does not exist only to entertain, but also to challenge one to think, to provoke, even to disturb, in a constant search for truth."

24. Who is this singer, actress and film director?

Born 1942-

Won a Best Actress Academy Award for which 1969 film? - '..... ....'

Won a Best Director Academy Award for which 1984 film? - '......'

SONG. 'Evergreen', by Barbra Streisand -

(She also won an Oscar for this!)

Who produced the 'Guilty' album and sang on it? - ..... ....

25. Who is this actor and Second World War veteran?

He lived 1908-1997.

For which 1941 film did he win a Best Actor Academy Award? - 'The ............ .....'

What was his hit Christmas film, nominated for 5 Academy Awards? - '... . ......... ....' 

Quote: “Never treat your audience as customers, always as partners.”

26. Who is this comedian, actor and singer?

Nickname 'Old Ski Nose'.

He lived 1903-2003.

Who was his comedy partner in 'The Road' movies? - .... ......

Which of his songs won the Oscar For Best Song in 1939? - 'Thanks ... ... ........'

Quote: "The good news is that Jesus is coming back. The bad news is that he's really pissed off."

27. Who is this former world Number 1 professional tennis player? (Also an advocate for gender equality and social justice.)

Born 1943-

How many Grand Slams did she win? - ..

True or false. Michael Jackson's song 'Billie Jean' was about her? - .....

Quote: "Be bold. If you're going to make an error, make a doozy, and don't be afraid to hit the ball."

28. Who is this aviation pioneer and author?

She lived 1897-1937.

She was the first female aviator to fly solo across what? - ... ........ .....

What was the name of her plane? - 'The ......'

29. Who is this current President of the United States Of America?

Born 1946-

What is his current wife's name? - .......

What US reality TV series did he host? - '... ......... ...'

We finished with a good old singalong ...

30. Who is this singer?

Her nickname was 'Lady Day'.

She lived 1915-1959

Who starred as her in the 1972 movie 'Lady Sings The Blues'? - .... ....

SONG. 'The Man I Love' -

Who wrote this song? - .... & ... G......

31. Who is this actor, singer and performer?

His nickname was 'Old Blue Eyes'.

He lived 1915-1998.

He was one of which Las Vegas based group? - 'The ... ....'

With whom? - D... M....., S.... D.... J., P.... L...... & J... B.....

Quote: "You only go around once, but if you play your cards right, once is enough."

SONG. 'I Did It My Way', Frank Sinatra -

Complete the titles of his three UK number 1s? -

'Three ..... .. ... ........' 1954

'Strangers .. ... .....' 1966

'Something ......' 1967 (with his daughter Nancy)

32. Who is this singer songwriter and performer?

His nickname was 'The King Of Pop'.

He lived 1958-2009.

What was the name of his ranch? - '........'

His top selling album? - '.......' (66m copies)

SONG. 'One Day In Your Life', by Michael Jackson -

Complete these UK number 1 song titles -

'One - ... .. .... ....'

'Billie - ....'

'I Just Can't - .... ...... ...'

'Black - .. .....'

'You Are - ... .....'

'Earth - ....'

'Blood On The - ..... .....'

33. Who is this singer, performer and actress?

Her nickname was 'The Voice'.

She lived 1963-2012.

Her biggest selling worldwide hit was from which 1992 movie? - '... .........'

Who co-starred in this movie with her? - ..... .......

SONG. 'I Will Always Love You', by Whitney Houston -

Who originally wrote this song (her picture is above)? - ..... ......

34. Who is this singer songwriter?

Her nickname was 'The Queen Of Soul'.

She lived 1942-2018.

Her biggest selling UK hit single, a duet with George Michael in 1987 was what? - '. .... ... .... .......'

SONG. 'Say A Little Prayer', by Aretha Franklin -

Complete these song titles -


'Sisters ... ..... .. ... ..........'

'Who's ....... ...?'

'Ain't ....... .... ..... ...'

'You Make .. .... .... . ....... .....'

35. Who is this singer, actress and philanthropist?

She lived 1922-2019.

Who was her co-star in several 1950s rom coms? - .... ......

We finished with two of her songs -

SONG. 'Deadwood Stage' -

SONG. 'Que Sera Sera' -


1. James Dean

'Rebel Without A Cause'

2. Walt Disney

Mickey Mouse

3. Grace Kelly

'The Country Girl'

Prince Rainier 111 of Monaco

4. Bob Dylan

'Blowin' In The Wind' & 'The Times They Are A Changin''

5. Louis Armstrong


'Hello Dolly'

6. Bette Davis

'Dangerous' & 'Jezebel'

Joan Crawford

Complete the movie titles:

'Dark - VICTORY' 1940

'The Little - FOXES' 1942

'Now, - VOYAGER' 1943

'All About - EVE' 1951

'Whatever Happened To - BABY JANE' 1963

7. Neil Armstrong 

20 July 1969

'The Eagle'

8. Judy Garland

'A Star Is Born'

9. Michael Phelps

28 (including 23 golds)

10. Barack Obama 

Honolulu, Hawaii


11. Marilyn Monroe

Norma Jean Mortenson


12. Elvis Presley

'It's Now Or Never' (1.3m sold)


'All - SHOOK UP'

'Jailhouse - ROCK'


'Wooden - HORSE'


'Return - TO SENDER'


'Way - DOWN'

'Viva - LAS VEGAS'


13. Tom Hanks 

'Toy Story 3' $1.7bn. Followed by 'The Da Vinci Code' $758.2m

"Moma always said life was like ' A BOX OF CHOCOLATES" ('Forrest Gump' 1994)

14. Steven Spielberg

1. 'Jurrasic Park' (1993) $938.8m, 2. 'Indiana Jones And The Kingdom Of The Crystal Skull' (2008) $786.6m & 3. 'E.T. The Extra Terrestrial' (1982) $717m

15. Harvey Milk 



16. Bill Gates



17. Martin Luther King

28 August 1963

18. Dolly Parton

'Jolene' & 'Islands In The Stream'


Kenny Rogers

19. Christopher Reeve

Spinal Cord Injury

20. Mohammed Ali

Cassius Clay

"Float like a butterfly - STING LIKE A BEE", "I am the - GREATEST", "My toughest fight was with - MY FIRST WIFE"

21. John Wayne

Marion Robert Morrison

'True Grit'

"Get off your horse and - DRINK YOUR MILK"

22. Oprah Winfrey

'The Color Purple'

23. John F Kennedy

Lee Harvey Oswald

Dallas, Texas

24. Barbra Streisand

'Funny Girl'


Barry Gibb

25. James Stewart

'The Philadelphia Story'

'It's A Wonderful Life' 

26. Bob Hope

Bing Crosby

'Thanks For The Memories'

27. Billie Jean King

39, including 12 in Singles

FALSE (Jackson said it was based on false claims made by 'Groupies' about his brothers)

28. Amelia Earhart

The Atlantic Ocean

'The Canary'

29. Donald Trump


'The Apprentice USA'

30. Billie Holiday

Diana Ross

George & Ira Gershwin

31. Frank Sinatra

'Rat Pack'

Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr, Peter Lawford & Joey Bishop

'Three Coins In The Fountain'

'Strangers In The Night'

'Something Stupid' (with his daughter Nancy)

32. Michael Jackson




'Billie - JEAN'

'I Just Can't - STOP LOVING YOU'

'Black - OR WHITE'

'You Are - NOT ALONE'

'Earth - SONG'

'Blood On The - THE DANCE FLOOR'

33. Whitney Houston

'The Bodyguard'

Kevin Costner

Dolly Parton

34. Aretha Franklin

'I Knew You Were Waiting'



'Who's ZOOMIN' WHO?'



35. Doris Day

Rock Hudson

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About Me

Simon O’Donovan MBE has worked in NHS Wales for most of his adult life, supporting people with dementia, their carers and families and developing and improving services to benefit this client group. 

He recently retired from working as a Community Mental Health Nurse within a Young Onset Dementia Service and continues to contribute to weekly CST 'Friendship Group' sessions as a volunteer co-facilitator.


He has been keeping a weekly 'Young Dementia CST Blog' to share and archive tried and tested activities resources, with the ultimate aim of providing an 'off the shelf' resource library of weekly themed CST sessions which can be used on rotation throughout the year. 


The main aim of this website is to share experience and resources freely, in order that others can dip in and out and use some or all of the materials provided in their own CST work. Thus it is hoped, facilitating and supporting the provision of uplifting and enjoyable sessions that optimise people with dementia's quality of life.

This site is not owned by or affiliated to any organisation. It’s a personal commitment, a not for profit exchange of ideas and a resource library which aims to enable more widespread use of CST approaches for people with dementia. 

To this end, 'Guest Blogs' are VERY welcome, but bearing in mind that no images of clients are to be used without their express written informed consent.

Please note that some images are reproduced on this blog from the internet under the 'fair use copyright' principle, in that they will only be used for educational purposes with disability groups and in no way will be linked to profit making activities.


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