"The love of gardening is a seed once sown that never dies."
"The kiss of the sun for pardon,
The song of the birds for mirth,
One is nearer God's heart in a garden
Than anywhere else on earth."
Dorothy Frances Gurney
This week's 'Friendship Group' cognitive stimulation therapy session focused on 'The Garden' and all things in it, because this month is 'National Garden Month'.
By way of introductions we asked members to say a couple of things they liked or disliked about gardens and gardening. Responses varied from:
Likes: Flowers, bees, butterflies, trees, warmth of the sun, smell of a garden fires and smell of fresh cut grass, to...
Dislikes: Slugs, snails, wasps, spiders, worms, weeds, mowing the grass and having to water the garden.
We moved on to time and place orientation.
NEWS ROUND UP
Next, we looked at some of the news stories from the week...
It was 50 years ago on April 9th that the first prototype of Concorde flew from Filton Airport in Bristol to RAF Fairford in Gloucestershire, some 50 miles away. We discussed the look of the first supersonic passenger airliner, which flew from 1976-2003, with production stopping after a fatal crash in Paris in July 2000. Members recalled the retracting nose, the sonic boom and the shape of the delta wings. The fastest Concorde flight recorded from JFK New York to Heathrow London was 2 hours 53 minutes on 7th February 1996.
Also in the news this week, we were mesmerized by the first ever image of a black hole, captured by a network of eight linked telescopes known as the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration. 29 year old computer scientist Dr. Katie Bouman has been credited with leading the creation of an algorithm that successfully photographed the halo of dust and gas, which is situated 500 million trillion kilometers from the Earth.
Members discussed how mind boggling black holes are and remembered Dr Stephen Hawking, who first discovered black holes and who sadly died just last year of motor neurone disease.
Dan Robbins, an artist who created the first painting-by-numbers pictures and helped turn the kits into a sensation during the 1950s had also died this week. He was aged 93. Some members recalled painting-by-numbers when they were children and we looked at some of the new smartphone apps that base their pictures on his method. (These are a great therapeutic opportunity for people with dementia who have diminishing skills to draw or paint freehand, or for people who are looking for alternatives to reading a book, for example.)
Finally, Channel 5 had issued another 'Britain's Favourites' ranking, this time for chocolate bars. Members looked at, and tasted some of these chocolates and stated their preferences ... Mars Bars came top in our survey!
IN THE GARDEN
To facilitate and illustrate the session, we printed off some images of gardeners and gardens (and related things) for the tables and when we came to a discussion point including the person, place or thing asked members to locate the image and hold it up. Click on the header photograph for our images. We included some local parks that members would recognise.
Continuing the discussion, we asked members if they like gardening or if they have a favourite flower, herb or shrub.
We asked members who would say they 'have green fingers'? We discussed the meaning of this phrase.
We asked if any members had an allotment, shed or pond?
We put up on the white board things people like or dislike about the garden ...
Likes included: Flowers, fragrances, smell of garden fire, smell of freshly cut lawn, birds, butterflies, bees and produce for eating.
Dislikes included: Wasps, weeds, slugs, snails, spiders, having to mow the lawn, having to water the garden and digging beds.
Which are members favourite parks and gardens?
SOPHIA GARDENS, BUTE PARK, THOMSON PARK, VICTORIA PARK, ROATH PARK, CEFN ONN PARK
PROVERBS AND IDIOMS
We asked members to complete the following phrases ...
- A bird in the hand is worth two in the BUSH (having something of even lesser value is better than taking the chance of losing it in the process of trying to achieve something more desirable)
- A rolling stone gathers no MOSS (a person who does not settle in one place will not accumulate wealth or status, or responsibilities or commitments)
- The grass is always greener on the other SIDE (the things other people have or their situations always look better than your own, even when they are not really so)
- The early bird catches the WORM (one who arrives first has the best chance for success)
- The apple doesn't fall far from the TREE (a child usually has a similar character or qualities to his or her parents)
- You reap what you SOW (you eventually have to face up to the consequences of your actions)
- People who live in glass houses shouldn't throw STONES (you shouldn't criticise other people for bad qualities in their character that you may have yourself)
- Oops-a-DAISY (expression of encouragement to a child who has fallen or is being lifted)
- A late BLOOMER (a person whose talents or capabilities are not visible to others until later than usual)
- A needle in the HAYSTACK (something that is extremely difficult to find because the area you have to search is too large)
- A shrinking VIOLET (an exaggeratedly shy person)
- Snake in the GRASS (a person who is treacherous or deceitful)
- As fresh as a DAISY (healthy and full of energy)
- Out of the WOODS (out of danger or difficulty, or being thrown a lifeline)
- Pushing up DAISIES (dead and buried)
- To come up smelling of ROSES (emerge from a difficult situation with one's reputation in tact)
- To hold out an olive BRANCH (do or say something to show you want to end a disagreement with someone)
- To let something go to SEED (a person or thing which is past it's prime and no longer full of life)
- To nip something in the BUD (suppress or destroy something at an early stage)
- To let the grass grow under your FEET (to delay in taking action or an opportunity and risk losing it)
- To lead somebody up the garden PATH (to mislead, deceive, hoodwink or seduce somebody)
- To beat about the BUSH (avoid talking about a difficult or embarrassing situation or subject).
On which occasions would you give flowers?
- Wedding bouquet (ask members to describe theirs, if appropriate) (The person who catches the bouquet is next in line to marry, apparently!)
- Valentine's Day ("Roses are red, Violets are blue, Sugar is sweet, And so are you!")
- Mother's Day
- Remembrance Sunday (poppies)
- Christmas wreath (holly and ivy)
- Funeral floral tributes.
We asked members to bring the names of some flowers to mind...
Spring flowers - crocus, tulip, daffodil, primrose, bluebell
Summer flowers - rose, geranium, hydrangea, sunflower
Autumn flowers - dahlia, begonia, gladioli, chrysanthemum
Winter flowers - poinsettia, pansies, snowdrop
Weeds - Dandelion, stinging nettles, daisies, ivy.
What are the flowers of the four nations?
Wales - daffodil
Scotland - thistle
England - red rose
Ireland - shamrock.
Name some of the most common herbs. If possible have some cuttings to crush and hand around as a fragrant reminder.
Herbs used with food and drink, or as medicines:
Mint sauce (with lamb)
Parsley sauce (with fish or ham)
Sage & thyme (stuffing)
Bay leaf (stew)
Clove oil (dental pain)
In which garden were Adam and Eve seduced into eating the forbidden fruit by the serpent?
THE GARDEN OF EDEN
What was the 'forbidden fruit'?
Who is the Patron Saint of Gardens, as known as 'The Little Flower'?
ST THERESA OF LISIEUX
On which device would you tell the time in a garden?
Which common or garden weed provides another 'clock'?
What liquid does a flower produce which attracts bees and butterflies?
What does the term 'perennial' mean?
FLOWERS EVERY YEAR
How do you tell the age of a tree?
COUNT IT'S RINGS
Trees that shed their leaves each year are called what?
Trees that keep their leaves all year are?
What is the art of clipping trees and hedges into ornamental forms called?
What about the Japanese art of propagating miniature trees?
The 'Love Apple' is the traditional old English name for what?
What plant/flower is known as 'The Butterfly Bush'?
What is the sacred flower of Buddhism?
Which London garden greenhouses have recently undergone restoration and been reopened to the public?
Which biosphere rainforest gardens have been built in a disused quarry in St Austell, Cornwall?
Who was the first lead presenter of the TV series 'Gardeners World'?
Alan Titchmarsh, Charlie Dimmock and Tommy Walsh starred in which TV gardening series?
What was the name of the cynical snail in the children's TV show 'The Magic Roundabout'?
The other characters were?
ERMINTRUDE (COW), FLORENCE (GIRL), DYLAN (RABBIT), DOUGAL (DOG) & ZEBEDEE (SPRING)
Parsley The Lion featured in which children's TV animated series?
Who was Bill and Ben's best friend in the children's TV series of the same name?
Which children's TV series featured Kiki The Frog?
What was Basil Brush's catchphrase?
Which 'flower' was associated with the TV comedy series 'Keeping Up Appearances'?
Which flower was associated with Dame Edna Everage?
GLADIOLUS (SHE USED TO THROW THEM TO HER AUDIENCE)
Who starred as Worzel Gummidge and Aunt Sally in the 1979 children's TV series about a scarecrow?
JOHN PERTWEE AND UNA STUBBS
Which flower inspired William Wordsworth's poem 'I wandered lonely as a cloud'?
Which classical musician composed the glorious 'The Lark Ascending'?
RALPH VAUGHN WILLIAMS
Which flower field is poisoned by the Wicked Witch in 'The Wizard Of Oz'?
How much did it cost Julie Andrews to 'Feed The Birds' in the 1964 film 'Mary Poppins'?
TUPPENCE A BAG
In which 1968 film did the Rose Seller sell two blooms for a penny?
If you get stung by nettles, which plant's leaves should you rub your skin with to soothe it?
Complete this children's nursery rhyme,
Ring a ring a rosies....
A POCKET FULL OF POSIES
A TISSUE A TISSUE
WE ALL FALL DOWN
What is this about?
THE BLACK PLAGUE
Which science fiction book takes it's premise of human killing moving plants as it's horror theme?
DAY OF THE TRIFFIDS BY JOHN WYNDHAM
What food substance derives from the crocus flower?
Which flower's name lends itself to the name of a pair of rubber gloves?
Which tree has seeds which children call 'Helicopters'?
From which tree would you collect conkers?
In the Second World War, what was the campaign which promoted growing your own vegetables and allotments generally?
DIG FOR VICTORY
If you wanted to buy a bunch of flowers for a loved one, which shop would you visit?
If you were to arrange flowers in a decoration, which green block would you stick your flowers and foliage into?
GARDEN MUSIC QUIZ
Spotify Playlist Link here...
1. An English Country Garden - Nana Mouskouri
Listen carefully, try to remember some of the flowers in the first verse of this song?
"Daffodils, heart's ease and flox
Meadowsweet and lily stalks
Gentain, lupine and tall hollihocks
Roses, foxgloves, snowdrops, forget-me-nots."
Which country is Nana Mouskouri from?
2. All Kinds Of Everything - Dana
In which year did Dana win the 'Eurovision Song Contest' with this song?
What country is Dana from?
3. Tulips From Amsterdam - Max Bygraves
Amsterdam is the capital city of which country?
Max Bygraves catchphrase was?
LET ME TELL YOU A STORY
4. Edelweiss - Sound Of Music Soundtrack
Who sang this song in the 1965 film?
CHRISTOPHER PLUMMER (CAPTAIN GEORG VON TRAPP)
His co-star was?
5. All Things Bright And Beautiful - Traditional Hymn
In the book of Genesis, how many days did it take God to create the Heavens and the the the Earth?
SIX - he rested on the Seventh
How did God create Eve?
FROM ADAM'S RIB
6. Scarborough Fair - Simon & Garfunkel
Name as many herbs as you can?
INCLUDING PARSLEY, SAGE, ROSEMARY, THYME
In which English county would you find Scarborough?
7. On A Bicycle Built For Two - Nat King Cole
What is a bicycle built for two called?
How about the bicycle with a very large front wheel and a small back wheel?
Ask female members to describe how they would make a daisy chain?
8. Where Have All The Flowers Gone? - Marlena Dietrich
What does this song protest about?
IT IS AN ANTI-WAR SONG (the flowers representing the fallen men)
Where was Marlene from?
9. Build Me Up Buttercup - The Foundations
What does a buttercup tell a person about another?
IF THEY LIKE BUTTER (IT GLOWS YELLOW UNDER THEIR CHIN)
Which margarine famously is made from sunflower oil?
10. Woodstock - Matthews Southern Comfort
Who wrote this song about the Woodstock Music Festival in 1969, which she was unable to attend?
Can members name any trees, from which wood could be used for furniture?
PINE, OAK, BEECH, MAHOGANY, WALNUT
11. San Francisco - Scott McKenzie
What is the famous red bridge which crosses San Francisco Bay?
THE GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE
How about the infamous island prison there?
12. (I Never Promised You A) Rose Garden - Lynn Anderson
Who played Rose Neiland in the US hit TV comedy series 'The Golden Girls'?
Complete this phrase ...
A rose between two - THORNS
13. Strawberry Fields Forever - The Beatles
Devon or Cornish cream tea? (Strawberry jam on top or bottom)
START A DEBATE
Who is singing this song?
14. The Floral Dance - Brighouse And Rastrick Brass Band
Which TV chat show host and radio DJ had a hit with this song in 1978?
Name some of the instruments in a brass band?
TRUMPET, FRENCH HORN, EUPHONIUM, TUBA, CORNET, FLUGELHORN
15. Take Me Home Country Road - John Denver
Ask members to say where they were born and grew up (know about them to help them tell their story if needs be)
Which road would members travel on if they wished to travel from Cardiff to London?
16. Lily The Pink - The Scaffold
What is the real name of the character Lily Savage?
Which animal related programme does he now host?
FOR THE LOVE OF DOGS (BATTERSEA DOGS HOME)
17. Morning Has Broken - Cat Stevens
Name some common garden birds:
BLACKBIRD, THRUSH, ROBIN, SPARROW, BLUE TIT, WREN, CROW, STARLING, MAGPIE
What do you call a flock of starlings flying in formation?
18. Annie's Song - John Denver
What is the forest called where Robin Hood and His Merry Men robbed from the rich and gave to the poor?
Who was Robin Hood's girlfriend?
19. Flowers In The Rain - The Move
Hippies were associated with which peace movement in the 1960s?
What was the logo of CND?
20. The Laughing Gnome - David Bowie
Has anyone got a Garden Gnome?
What colour were the gnomes associated with Esso?
BLUE ("Boom, boom, boom, boom, Esso Blue")
21. Lilac Wine - Elkie Brooks
Ask members to name their favourite wine. Some old fashioned wines include:
BLACK TOWER, BLUE NUN, LIEBFRAUMILCH, MATEUS ROSE, BULLS BLOOD
Ask members to hold hands up saying which wines they prefer?
RED, WHITE OR ROSE
22. Love Is Like A Butterfly - Dolly Parton
Who starred in the hit UK TV sitcom 'Butterflies'?
Name some common butterflies?
RED ADMIRAL, MONARCH, CABBAGE WHITE, COMMON BLUE, PEACOCK
23. Green Green Grass Of Home - Tom Jones
Does anyone in the group suffer with hayfever?
What is it that is produced by a flower, grass or tree that makes you sneeze?
What tablet might you take to help you stop sneezing?
24. Tie A Yellow Ribbon 'Round The Old Oak Tree - Dawn
From which seed does an oak tree grow?
What signifies dawn?
SUNRISE, DAWN CHORUS, SOUND OF A MILK FLOAT
25. The Wombling Song - The Wombles
Which common did The Wombles live on?
What were they concerned with?
Fantasia On Greensleeves - Ralph Vaughn Williams
The Lark Ascending - Ralph Vaughn Williams
These songs are included as a wind down in readiness for the relaxation or mindfulness activity which may follow. (Or play them during the physical activity session?)
- cress and mustard.
For making sandwiches in a later session.
Planting tomato plants - or similar.
Having produce to taste is a great reward for your efforts.
An alternative to layering and pressurising flowers (the traditional method) is to bang flowers between blotting paper on the floor with a rolling pin.
The colour discharges and remains on the paper, making instant prints.
Bring a few bunches of flowers and a couple of vases and have members arrange the flowers as they wish.
A nice mindfulness activity to use with the 'Greensleeves' classical music track is to hand each member a flower to look closely at and observe in fine detail - look, colour, texture, smell, memories it brings to mind etc.
(Caution. Just be aware that some clients with more advanced dementia may have hyperorality as a symptom and be at risk of putting flowers into their mouths. If there is any concern regarding this maybe don't use this activity.)
As an alternative to flower arranging, ask members if any of them would prefer to have a go at painting the flowers.
Display products with pride.
In the 'Resources' page, there is a link to a reminiscence smells box which provides a great activity.
Fresh herbs and fruit smell and taste session.
- Tomatoes with basil and chives
- Cucumber with dill and vinegar
- Strawberries with mint and sugar
- Apples with honey and yoghurt.
Maybe with a glass of Dandelion and Burdock pop as a refreshment and another reminiscence opportunity.
(Cautions. Be aware of any allergies. And any swallow concerns.)