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Chinese New Year - 25 January 2020




INTRODUCTION

“The Master said, “A true gentleman is one who has set his heart upon the Way. A fellow who is ashamed merely of shabby clothing or modest meals is not even worth conversing with.” (Analects 4.9)” ― Confucius


Chinese New Year is to be celebrated on 25th January 2020. It is 'The Year Of The Rat'.


The Year of the Rat is the first zodiac sign in the Chinese zodiac cycle. According to the Chinese zodiac story, in the competition held by the Jade Emperor to decide the zodiac animals, the quick-witted rat asked the diligent ox to take him on a ride to cross the river and jumped down before the ox crossed the finish line, so the rat won the race and became the first of the zodiac animals.


Rats are quick-witted, resourceful, and smart but lack courage. With rich imaginations and sharp observations, they can take advantage of various opportunities well. In Chinese culture, rats represent working diligently and thriftiness, so people born in a Rat year are thought to be wealthy and prosperous.


(We printed off some images of China and Japan from the quiz below to make the session more interactive and multi-sensory.)

Has anyone visited the Far East, for holidays or work? Where did people go, what did they think about the country they visited, the people, the language and food?

Would anyone like to visit? What are the reasons for members' responses?

What comes to mind when people think about Asian countries? Responses could range from polite and respectful people, clean streets, beautiful scenery and fantastic architecture to wonderful foods.

IDIOMS

To get people thinking, ask members to complete the following idioms about China and Japan, as well as those which have been 'borrowed' from the region.

Not for all the tea in - CHINA (no way!) China - SYNDROME (Nuclear reactor meltdown) Made in - TAIWAN (A derisory term about product quality) Like a bull in a china - SHOP (A clumsy person) Slowboat to - CHINA (something that takes a very long time) China - DOLL (Something that is very fragile) China - PLATE (Cockney rhyming slang for 'mate') Chinese - BURN (children hurt each other in the playground by twisting each others' wrists)


To fall on your - SWORD (assume responsibility or blame, or more literally commit HARI KARI) Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for - A LIFETIME

IDIOMS ABOUT ANIMALS IN THE CHINESE ZODIAC

Smell a - RAT (suspect foul play) As strong as an - OX (powerful) The eye of the -TIGER (song by 'Survivor') Pull a - RABBIT - out of the hat (come up trumps) Chase the - DRAGON (inhale opium fumes) SNAKE - in the grass (untrustworthy person) You can take a - HORSE - to water, but you can't make it drink (you can't force a person to do something) A wolf in - SHEEP'S - clothing (a dangerous person) Cheeky - MONKEY (mischievous person) Little red - ROOSTER ('Rolling Stones' song) As sick as a - DOG (extremely ill) Eat like a - PIG (eat messily and excessively)

Can anyone think of any other idioms to add to this list?

QUIZ QUESTIONS TO PROMOTE RECALL AND DISCUSSION

China is known by which other name? THE RED DRAGON

Or ... THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC

Japan is known as? THE LAND OF THE RISING SUN

The capital of China is? BEIJING

And Japan? TOKYO

Who was the last British Governor of Hong Kong before it was handed back to China in 1997? CHRIS PATTON

Where in London is China Town? GERRARD STREET, SOHO

What might you see in China Town on Chinese New Year? CHINESE DRAGONS, CHINESE LANTERNS, FIRECRACKERS, DRUMS, HAPPY CHINESE PEOPLE IN TRADITIONAL DRESS

What is the sweet Chinese biscuit with a good luck paper charm inside called? FORTUNE COOKIE

What sauce would you traditionally have with shredded duck rolls? HOISIN

Can members think of any other Chinese sauces? SOY, SWEET AND SOUR, BLACK BEAN, OYSTER, SZECHUAN & SATAY

Which native East-Asian plant is the richest natural vegetable food? SOYA (EDAMAME BEANS)

What do Chinese people traditionally eat with? CHOPSTICKS

What do Chinese people traditionally cook in? WOK

Where is rice, the main staple of food in the Far East, grown? PADDY FIELDS

What is the name of Chinese dumplings? DIM SUM

What pink fruit do Chinese people enjoy for dessert? LYCHEE

What is the name of the famous Chinese TV Chef who had a series in the 1980s? KEN HOM

What are members favourite Chinese food dishes? And restaurants…

How do the Chinese like to make their tea? TEA CEREMONY

Can anyone think of any brands of tea? TYPHOO, PG TIPS, GLENGETTEE, TETLEY, YORKSHIRE & TWININGS

What do Pandas eat an exclusive diet of? BAMBOO

How long is the Great China Wall? 5,500 MILES (It can be seen from space!)

What figures were discovered in 1974, buried nearby Qin Shi Huang's (First Emperor Of China) mausoleum? THE TERRACOTTA ARMY (More than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots and 670 horses were found buried!)

Who is the famous British/Chinese fashion guru? GOK WAN ('How To Look Good Naked')

What is the Japanese art of arranging furniture in tune with energy lines to harmonise people with environment known as? FENG SHUI

What is the traditional Japanese art of folding paper to make 3D objects called? ORIGAMI

What is the Japanese art of sculpting miniature trees called? BONSAI

What is Japanese rice wine called? SAKI (Has anyone tried it?)

What is the Japanese dish of raw fish wrapped in seaweed with rice called? SUSHI (Again, has anyone tried this dish, which is becoming more popular in the UK?)

What is the name of the famous Japanese train, one of the fastest in the world? BULLET TRAIN (max speed recorded at 375 mph)

Where would you find the colonial styled opulent hotel 'Raffles'? SINGAPORE

What is the name of the well loved Gilbert & Sullivan set in Japan? THE MIKADO

What Japanese warriors had a sword named after them? SAMURAI

What is the highest mountain in Japan? MOUNT FUJI (Last erupted 1707)

In July 2016 the last of which electrical item was manufactured in Japan? (We all had one in our home!) VIDEO CASSETTE RECORDER

What is the largest car manufacturer in Japan? TOYOTA (Other Japanese car manufacturers include Honda, Mazda, Toyota and Nissan)

What was the biggest selling Japanese game of 2017? POKEMON GO

Which ancient tile game is still popular in China? MAHJONG

Which dog of Chinese origin has a name which translates as 'Lion Dog'? SHIH TZU

What are Japanese female entertainers and hostesses dressed in traditional costume known as? GEISHA GIRLS

What gowns do they wear? KIMONOS

What is the traditional two wheeled passenger vehicle carried by one or more people called? RICKSHAW

Can anyone name any Asian martial arts? KARATE, JUDO, AIKIDO & TAI KWANDO

Has anyone practised a martial art, or been awarded a Belt?

Another martial art, practised for health benefits more than as a form of defence is TAI CHI.

YOGA is another form, coming from the Indian tradition but widely practised in China and Japan.

It's time to practice some Yoga moves. Ask members to perform ... THE WARRIOR POSE https://www.fitnessmagazine.com/workout/yoga/poses/beginner-yoga-poses/?page=3 OR THE TREE POSE https://www.fitnessmagazine.com/workout/yoga/poses/beginner-yoga-poses/?page=4

(Of course, only if they are willing and able!)

Which martial arts TV show did David Carradine star in? KUNG FU (His character's name was Grasshopper)

How do SUMO WRESTLERS win a game? THEY PUSH THEIR OPPONENT OUTSIDE THE CIRCLE

Who is the spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism and a voice for world peace? THE DALAI LAMA

What is the highest mountain in the world? EVEREST IN THE HIMALAYAS (29,030 feet above sea level)

Who was the first person to conquer Everest? EDMUND HILLARY ACCOMPANIED BY SHERPA TENZING (29th May 1953)

What is the body count on Everest of people who didn't make it and still rest there? OVER 200

What fictional monster might you meet in the Himalayas? THE YETI OR ABOMINABLE SNOWMAN

What is the luckiest number in China? EIGHT (Apparently the Beijing Olympics were scheduled to start at 8 seconds after 08:08 on 8/8/2008!)

Where were the Winter Olympics held in 2018? PYEONG CHANG, SOUTH KOREA


The 2022 Winter Olympics will be held where?

BEIJING

Ask members to list some of the Winter Olympic Sports:

ALPINE SKIING BIATHLON BOBSLEIGH CROSS COUNTRY SKIING CURLING FIGURE SKATING FREESTYLE SKIING ICE HOCKEY LUGE NORDIC COMBINED SKELETON SKI JUMP SNOWBOARDING SPEED SKATING

Who follows the Winter Olympic Games? What are members' favourite sports? Can anyone ski? Has anyone been on a winter holiday?

What about tobogganing? We probably haven't had enough snow for this yet this year, or for a snowball fight?


And finally, considering it is the 'Year Of The Rat', how far away are we from a rat in the UK at any one time?

SIX FEET, SUPPOSEDLY. BUT IN REALITY, THIS FIGURE HAS BEEN USED FOR MORE THAN 100 YEARS

QUIZ TO PROMOTE MUSICAL MEMORY

SPOTIFY PLAYLIST HERE -

https://open.spotify.com/user/1154769589/playlist/6pVCGl64NPtxHmdKi2UeJu?si=BTmWG4OBQnCvtO0OvChINQ

Chopsticks - Liberace How many disposable chopsticks are produced in China each year? (Nearest guess?) 45 BILLION ESTIMATED

Hong Kong Phooey - TV Theme What animal was Hong Kong Phooey? A DOG (2017 WAS 'YEAR OF THE DOG')

Hong Kong Garden - Siouxsie And The Banshees What is a 'Junk'? (You might find one in Kowloon Bay) RED SAILED TRADITIONAL BOAT

China Girl - David Bowie 'Chinese Girl' is a 1952 painting by Vladimir Tretchikoff (see above). It became one of the world's most popular when made into prints in the 1950s and 60s. Who has seen this painting before? Or had it hanging in their family home?

China In Your Hand - T'Pau Who was the lead singer of T'Pau? CAROL DECKER

Turning Japanese - The Vapors Describe Japan's flag? CRIMSON DISC ON WHITE BACKGROUND

One Night In Bangkok - Murray Head What musical is this song from? CHESS (Benny Andersson and Bjorn Alveus of Abba wrote the music and Tim Rice the lyrics) Does anyone play chess? Can anyone name the pieces?

KING, QUEEN, BISHOPS, KNIGHTS, ROOKS, PAWNS

Last Night Of The World - Miss Saigon Saigon in Vietnam was renamed what in 1976? HO CHI MINH CITY

Kung Fu Fighting - Carl Douglas This single was a massive worldwide hit, selling 11 million copies, in which year? 1974

Bali Hai - Bloody Mary This song from 'South Pacific' is sung by Bloody Mary. How would you make a Bloody Mary? TOMATO JUICE, VODKA, TABASCO SAUCE, WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE & PEPPER, SERVED WITH A CELERY STICK AND SLICE OF LEMON

Eagle - ABBA Taken from the album 'Arrival', which Olympic Ski Jumper does this song remind us of? EDDIE 'THE EAGLE' EDWARDS (He competed in The Winter Olympics at Calgary in 1988 and came last in both of his events)

Bolero - Ravel Who won the gold medal for ice dancing to this track at the Sarajevo Winter Olympics in 1984? JAYNE TORVILL AND CHRISTOPHER DEAN

Is anyone watching 'Dancing On Ice' on ITV at the moment?

Ski Sunday - TV Theme In the event of an avalanche, which dog might you be rescued by? A SAINT BERNARD (With a keg of Brandy around his neck!)

Three Little Maids From School - The Mikado Where is this comic opera set? THE TOWN OF TITIPU IN JAPAN

We Are Siamese - Lady And The Tramp What breed of dog was Lady? AN AMERICAN COCKER SPANIEL

Getting To Know You? - Film Score Who starred in the 1956 musical film 'The King And I? DEBORAH KERR AND YUL BRYNNER


What is Siam known as today?

THAILAND

The Humming Chorus - Madame Butterfly Who wrote this renowned opera? GIACOMO PUCCINI (Has anyone seen this opera? Apparently the musical 'Miss Saigon' is based on it.)

M.A.S.H. - TV Theme Name some of the characters of the '4077th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital', which treated the injured during the Korean War and used humour to escape from the horror and depression of the situation? Capts. Benjamin "Hawkeye" Pierce, "B.J." Hunnicutt and "Trapper John" McIntire, Majs. Margaret "Hot Lips" Houlihan and Frank Burns, and Cpl. Walter "Radar" O'Reilly. Also Sgt Klinger, the cross dresser trying to be discharged from the army

Pink Panther - Film Score Who was Inspector Clouseau's Chinese manservant in 'The Pink Panther' films? CATO FONG


Who played the lead role?

PETER SELLERS

On A Little Street In Singapore - Manhattan Transfer Singapore is one of the smallest countries in the world. Guess at it's size and population? 277 SQ MILES; 5.612 M

Moonlight Becomes You - Bing Crosby Which three US actors starred in the 'Road To ...' series of movies? BING CROSBY, BOB HOPE & DOROTHY LAMOUR Can anyone remember the places visited? SINGAPORE (1940), ZANZIBAR (1941), MOROCCO (1942), UTOPIA (1946), RIO (1947), BALI (1952) & HONG KONG (1962)

Nine Million Bicycles - Katie Melua

Does anyone ride a bicycle? Who never learned?

What do you call a bicycle made for two?

A TANDEM

Gangnam Style - PSY Which politician danced to this song on 'Strictly Come Dancing' in 2017? ED BALLS (Watch a clip on YouTube or get the group to dance along with the original song's video)


Year Of The Cat - Al Stewart

What are the 12 sings of the Chinese zodiac?

RAT, OX, TIGER, RABBIT, DRAGON, SNAKE, HORSE, SHEEP, MONKEY, ROOSTER, DOG & PIG

PRACTICAL ACTIVITIES AIMED AT ENJOYMENT

Our practical activity this week centred around a tasting session.

We had brought a number of food and drink items to taste, including prawn crackers, spring rolls, vegetarian sushi and tinned lychees.

To make the session more fun we also provided people with chopsticks so they could try to eat their food items the traditional way.

We then drank flavoured iced teas and gave everyone a fortune cookie to open.

Some of the group then painted Chinese dragons and animals and others made paper aeroplanes.

Others tried writing their names in Chinese, using calligraphy pens and card. You can find an English to Chinese name translator here http://www.clearchinese.com/chinese-name/chinese-name.htm

AS ALWAYS THE AFTERNOON FINISHED WITH A RELAXATION SESSION AND REFRESHMENTS WITH FAMILY MEMBERS PRESENT


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About Me

Simon O’Donovan MBE has worked in NHS Wales for most of his adult life, supporting people with dementia, their carers and families and developing and improving services to benefit this client group. 

He recently retired from working as a Community Mental Health Nurse within a Young Onset Dementia Service and continues to contribute to weekly CST 'Friendship Group' sessions as a volunteer co-facilitator.

 

He has been keeping a weekly 'Young Dementia CST Blog' to share and archive tried and tested activities resources, with the ultimate aim of providing an 'off the shelf' resource library of weekly themed CST sessions which can be used on rotation throughout the year. 

 

The main aim of this website is to share experience and resources freely, in order that others can dip in and out and use some or all of the materials provided in their own CST work. Thus it is hoped, facilitating and supporting the provision of uplifting and enjoyable sessions that optimise people with dementia's quality of life.

This site is not owned by or affiliated to any organisation. It’s a personal commitment, a not for profit exchange of ideas and a resource library which aims to enable more widespread use of CST approaches for people with dementia. 

To this end, 'Guest Blogs' are VERY welcome, but bearing in mind that no images of clients are to be used without their express written informed consent.

Please note that some images are reproduced on this blog from the internet under the 'fair use copyright' principle, in that they will only be used for educational purposes with disability groups and in no way will be linked to profit making activities.

 

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