• Simon O'Donovan

Money Makes The World Go Round

Updated: Jan 17

* Link here to pictures for the tables *

This week's CST session has 'Money' as a theme because the Euro 21st anniversary was on 1st January 2020 and it was the 51st anniversary of the 50p coin.

The Royal Mint has launched two new coins this year - a £2 coin celebrating the works of Agatha Christie and a 50p for the Tokyo Olympics, which is to be held this summer.

We asked who liked Agatha Christie books and films and completed the titles of some of them together:

- Murder On The Orient EXPRESS

- Death On The NILE


- The Mirror Cracked From SIDE TO SIDE

- And Then There Were NONE


- The Murder Of Roger ACKROYD

- Evil Under The SUN

- The Body In The LIBRARY

- Murder at the GALLOP

- Dead Man's FOLLY

- Alphabet MURDERS

- Appointment With DEATH

We remembered her main characters were MISS MARPLE and HERCULE POIROT. Some Miss Marple actresses we remembered were Margaret Rutherford, Joan Hickson, Julie McKenzie and Geraldine McEwan. Famous Poirots include Peter Ustinov, David Suchet and Kenneth Brannah.

We asked who who be following the Tokyo Summer Olympics and what members' favourite sports were.

Another coin - a £5 coin- has been released this month, designed by PJ Lynch who was born in Belfast and lives in Dublin. Lynch is famous for his children's books and has served as Laureate na nÓg - or all-Ireland children's laureate.

The coin has been created to celebrate the 'Year Of The Rat' in the Chinese New Year. In Chinese culture, rats were seen as a sign of wealth and surplus. Because of their reproduction rate, married couples also prayed to them for children.

We reminded ourselves that one is said never to be further away than 6 feet from a rat, though in reality these days it is more like 3-30 metres away.

We remembered James Cagney's catchphrase, "You dirty rat!". Apparently he first said this in the 1932 movie 'Taxi'.

We asked members, how many sides does a 50p coin have? - SEVEN

How much is 50p worth today, in terms of value, compared to 1969 when it was first released? - £8.17

29th March 2019 was supposed to be 'Brexit Day'. A new 50p coin to “commemorate” the occasion was planned. However, this was cancelled due to all the political delays. The Royal Mint has announced it will now be released in the spring and as originally planned will bear the words “Peace, prosperity and friendship with all nations”. We asked members to think of any alternative words to put on the coin? One said, "So long, farewell, Auf Wiedersehen, goodbye!" As for new bank notes, last year The Bank of England released a list of scientists nominated to feature on a new £50 polymer note, to be available from 2021.

On the list were computing pioneers Alan Turing, the Enigma code breaker of the Second World War, Ada Lovelace, Victorian computing visionary, telephone inventor Alexander Graham Bell and astronomer Patrick Moore. Physicist Stephen Hawking and penicillin discoverer Alexander Fleming were also there. More controversially Margaret Thatcher made the list, as she was a scientist before becoming a politician. Apparently she worked on the formula for Mr Whippy ice cream!

In summer 2019, Alan Turing was announced as the public vote winner. His work as WW2 code breaker and being credited as the founder of modern computing was not fully recognised until after his death, both due to The Official Secrets Act and his homosexuality, for which he was prosecuted and chemically castrated as an alternative to imprisonment. He died in 1954, aged just 41, of cyanide poisoning and was posthumously pardoned in 2013.

There is also a new polymer £20 note, due to be released in 2020. Mark Carney, Governor of the Bank Of England, said: "I am delighted to announce that J.M.W. Turner has been chosen to appear on the next £20 note."

Turner is perhaps the single most influential British artist of all time. His self-portrait, painted in 1799 and currently on display in the Tate Britain, will feature on the new £20 note, along with his painting of 'The Fighting Temeraire'; a tribute to the ship which played a distinguished role in Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The quote - “Light is therefore colour” from an 1818 lecture by Turner referring to his innovative use of light, shade, colour and tone in his pictures and his signature are also to be included.

What do members think of the new polymer notes? Has anyone washed one yet and put it through the tumble dryer?

What about the concern of vegans that the new polymer notes include animal products? Polymer notes already in circulation are the £5, which launched in September 2016. This note features Winston Churchill, one of the greatest statesmen of all time, and the only Prime Minister to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. The images on the back of the note show a view of Westminster, home of the UK government, and the Elizabeth Tower (containing Big Ben) from London’s South Bank, looking across Westminster Bridge. Then there is the £10 note, which launched in September 2017. The distinguished author Jane Austen is on the reverse side of the note. Books by her included 'Pride and Prejudice', 'Sense and Sensibility', 'Mansfield Park', 'Northanger Abbey' and 'Emma'. We remembered the new £5 released in 2016 had a few notes with a microdrawing of an inscription by Jane Austen on it? The words were, "I hope I never ridicule what is wise or good." These five notes were said to be worth £50,000 each, if you were lucky enough to find one.

We asked members whether anyone ever had a lucky windfall like this, such as a Pools or National Lottery or ERNIE win? We went around the room and asked members, if they had £50,000 to spend, what would they do with the money (paying bills was not allowed). IDIOMS Next we asked members to complete the following phrases: Rich man, poor man, beggar man - THIEF Money makes the world go - ROUND Three coins in a - FOUNTAIN Sound as a - POUND Treasure - ISLAND Long John - SILVER

Pieces of - EIGHT Born with a silver spoon in his - MOUTH Break the - BANK Bring home the - BACON Cash in your - CHIPS Foot the - BILL From rags to - RICHES Sticky - FINGERS Live hand to - MOUTH Pay an arm and a - LEG Penny - PINCHER Pay a King's - RANSOM Pick up the - TAB Pour money down the - DRAIN Put your money where your - MOUTH IS Bet your bottom - DOLLAR Money doesn't grow on - TREES Strike it - LUCKY/RICH Money - TALKS Worth it's weight in - GOLD On the - HOUSE Pay - PEANUTS (get monkeys) Feel like a million - DOLLARS Bread and - BUTTER Diamonds are a girl's - BEST FRIEND Spend a - PENNY Find a penny pick it up. All day long you'll have - GOOD LUCK

Give it to your best of friends and your luck will - NEVER END Filthy - RICH

The penny - DROPPED


We continued with asking the following questions ... Who is the Governor of the Bank Of England? MARK CARNEY Who is the Chancellor Of The Exchequer? SAJID JAVID What colour box does the Chancellor Of The Exchequer deliver his budget in? RED Where are coins minted in the UK? ROYAL MINT IN LLANTRISANT What about bank notes, where are they made? DE LA RUE, DEBDEN ESSEX Where would you find 'The Crown Jewels'? THE TOWER OF LONDON What is the most valuable diamond in this set? THE CULLINAN, VALUED AT £400M ALONE One which UK coin would you find the Prince Of Wales feathers? 2P

Which pre-decimal coin had twelve sides?

THRUPENNY BIT Name a historic bicycle named after a coin? PENNY FARTHING Who hosted the game show, 'The Price Is Right'? BRUCE FORSYTH (1995-2001) & LESLIE CROWTHER (1984-1988) Who hosted 'Deal Or No Deal'? NOEL EDMONDS

Who was his spotted pink friend in 'Noel's House Party'?


Who hosts 'Tipping Point' on ITV?


What about 'The Chase'?


Can anyone name the chasers?

THE BEAST - Mark Labbett, THE DARK DESTROYER - Shaun Wallace, THE GOVERNESS - Anne Hegerty, THE SINNERMAN - Paul Sinha and THE VIXEN - Jenny Ryan

The TV show 'Who Wants To Be A Millionaire' was hosted by whom?


Who was the first person to win a million on this show?


Which 2009 movie, set in Mumbai and starring Dev Patel was based on this quiz show?

SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE What does 'BOGOF' stand for? BUY ONE GET ONE FREE How much is the slang term 'A Pony'? £25 What about a 'Lady Godiva', 'A Bullseye' and 'A Monkey'? £5, £50 & £500 If you were travelling overseas, where would you get your currency? BUREAU DE CHANGE

What currency would you need to go to Spain?

EURO What is the name of the popular game which includes the role of Banker and a Community Chest? MONOPOLY

How much do you get for passing GO?

£200 What sale always features in the house buying and doing up show, 'Homes Under The Hammer'? AN AUCTION

What is the 'Hammer' called in an auction?

GAVEL What fundraising effort involves selling old bric a brac to raise funds for good causes? JUMBLE SALE OR CAR BOOT SALE

How would you spell SHELL OIL on a calculator?

Turn it upside down and type 710 77345

What store did 'Green Shield Stamps' become in 1973?


What was the name of the diamond in the 1998 movie 'Titanic'?


Which fictional hero robbed from the rich and gave to the poor?


Where did he and his merry men hang out?


His arch enemy was?


His love interest was?


Which pirate did Johnny Depp play in the 2003 movie 'Pirates Of The Caribbean'?


Which character called 'The One Ring' 'My precious' in the 2002 film 'Lord Of The Rings: The Two Towers'?


Which 1961 movie, starring Audrey Hepburn and George Peppard, is named after a jewellery store in New York?


TRUE OR FALSE. You can get Breakfast at Tiffany's?

FALSE. There is no restaurant.

Which TV crime fighting series, again starring George Peppard, featured a character named Mr T who wears copious amounts of gold jewellery?


Harrison Ford starred as which treasure hunter and archeologist in the 'Raiders Of The Lost Ark' movies?


Who played his father in the 1989 movie 'Indiana Jones And The Last Crusade'?


True or False.

It is (pretty much) biologically impossible for Sean Connery to be Harrison Ford's father?

TRUE. Their is only 12 years between them!

What were the names of the Seven Dwarfs who worked in the diamond mine in 'Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs'?


Which 1953 movie starring Mariyln Monroe and Jane Russell contained the song 'Diamonds Are A Girl's Best Friend'?


DECIMALISATION 15th February 1971 was 'Decimalisation Day'. Do members remember it, and the upheaval caused by learning how to translate old to new costs and values? We had brought in some old coins and notes, including pre-decimal halfpennies, pennies, shillings etc. Here's a list of the coins and how much they were worth... Common names for coins were: A quarter penny was a 'Farthing'. A half a penny was a 'Hay-p-ney'. A three pennies coin was a 'Thru-p-ney bit'. A six pennies coin was a 'Tanner'. A shilling was called a 'Bob'. A two shillings coin was a 'Florin'. A two shillings and six pennies coin was a 'Half crown'. A five shillings coin was a 'Crown'. A pound note was a 'Quid'. (Twenty shillings or 240 pennies) A twenty one shillings coin was a 'Sovereign' or ‘Guinea’ The decimal equivalents are...

Members passed around the coins and notes and despite not having seen any for years and years, we all agreed they were still very familiar. Especially Brittania on the penny. Many people collect coins, especially first issues. Other people collect stamps, another form of currency. We asked if any members collect either? Or anything else? Some people collect artwork or antiques, others collect medals or military gear, whilst some people collect beer mats or football cards. Or vinyl albums. Or celebrity signatures. We asked if anyone has a collection they are proud of, and if so would they care to estimate it's value. We agreed that despite value, most people's collections are 'priceless' to them. We discussed forms of saving and investment and if anyone remembered 'Ernie' Premium Bonds, Green Shield Stamps or Petrol coupons.

We asked had anyone 'played' the Pools or Bingo? Or more recently the National Lottery? Had anyone won anything of note?

We remembered some of the Bingo nicknames for numbers:

Kelly's eye - ONE

Kock at the door - FOUR

Downing Street - TEN

Legs eleven - ELEVEN

Unlucky for some - THIRTEEN

Coming of age - EIGHTEEN

Key of the door - TWENTY ONE

Two little ducks - TWENTY TWO

Al the threes - THIRTY THREE

Life begins - FORTY

Deck of cards - FIFTY TWO

Heinz varieties - FIFTY SEVEN

Tickety boo - SIXTY TWO

Clickety click - SIXTY SIX

Trombones - SEVENTY SIX

Two fat ladies - EIGHTY EIGHT

Top of the shop - NINETY

THE PRICE IS RIGHT We finished this discussion with a smashing Telegraph Quiz about prices of classic goods around the time of 'Decimal Day' compared with 2015. Here's the link

MUSIC QUIZ Spotify Playlist link Money Money - Cabaret Where was this film, starring Liza Minnelli and Michael York, set? KIT KAT KLUB, BERLIN

Do members agree with the sentiment, "Money makes the world go round"? Money Money Money - ABBA Can members think of any slang names for money? FILTHY LUCRE, DOUGH, DOSH, READIES, SPONDULICKS, WONGA, LOOT, LOLLY, BRASS

Why were ABBA named ABBA? THE FIRST LETTERS OF THEIR CHRISTIAN NAMES (AGNETHA FALTSKOG, BJORN ALVEUS, BENNY ANDERSON, ANNI-FRID LYNGSTAD) If I Were A Rich Man - Fiddler On The Roof Name the musical and the singer? FIDDLER ON THE ROOF CHAIM TOPOL You've Got To Pick A Pocket Or Two - Oliver Who is singing the song? RON MOODY AS FAGIN

Who did Oliver ask "Please sir, I want some more?" of? MR BUMBLE, PLAYED BY HARRY SECOMBE Antiques Roadshow - TV Theme Who was the first host of 'The Antiques Roadshow'? ARTHUR NEGUS (1977-83)

The current host is? FIONA BRUCE

The most valuable 'find' on the show was a pocket watch in 2004 which was worth £1.5m. Only Fools and Horses - TV Theme Name the brothers? DEL BOY AND RODNEY TROTTER (PLAYED BY DAVID JASON & NICHOLAS LYNDHURST) What car did they drive? A YELLOW RELIANT ROBIN

They lived in?

NELSON MANDELA TOWER Steptoe And Son - TV Theme Name the actors who played Alfred and Harold? WILFRED BRAMBLE & HARRY H CORBETT What was the name of their horse? HERCULES

The Good Life - TV Theme

Who were the characters and actors who lived next door to each other in this comedy about escaping the rat race?


AND MARGOT & JERRY LEADBETTER, PLAYED BY PENELOPE KEITH & PAUL EDDINGTON The Apprentice - TV Theme Who were the Chairmen of the Board in the UK and US versions? LORD ALAN SUGAR & DONALD TRUMP Dragons Den - TV Theme Can anyone think of the programme's most successful inventor, who won an investment for his sauce? LEVI ROOTS (REGGAE REGGAE SAUCE) It's also worth mentioning Rob Law who developed the very successful children's Trunki Suitcase. But this received no investment! Two Hearts - Phil Collins What film about the Great British Train Robbery did this song feature in? BUSTER What year did it take place in? 1963 (£2.6m was stolen, which equates to almost £50m in today's money!) Band On The Run - Wings Who appeared on the album cover (download from the internet and pass the picture around)? MICHAEL PARKINSON, KENNY LYNCH, PAUL MCCARTNEY, JAMES COBURN, CLEMENT FREUD, LINDA MCCARTNEY, CHRISTOPHER LEE, DENNY LAINE & JOHN CONTEH Penny Lane - The Beatles How many pennies were in an old (pre-decimal) pound? 240 PENNIES OR TWENTY SHILLINGS

('Strawberry Fields' was the flip A side.) What was a Shilling coin known as? A BOB Diamonds Are A Girl's Best Friend - Marilyn Monroe Which US President did Marilyn Monroe sing Happy Birthday to in 1962?


Which 1959 Billy Wilder film did Marilyn Monroe star in, alongside cross dressing Tony Curtis and Jack Lemmon? SOME LIKE IT HOT Three Coins In The Fountain - Frank Sinatra Which fountain does this song refer to? FONTANA DI TREVI IN ROME Has anyone been there and thrown money in the fountain for good luck? Diamonds Are Forever - Shirley Bassey Who starred as James Bond in this 1971 movie? SEAN CONNERY

How old is Shriley Bassey?

83 Who were the other James Bonds? DAVID NIVEN, GEORGE LAZENBY, ROGER MOORE, TIMOTHY DALTON, PIERCE BROSNAN & DANIEL CRAIG Goldfinger - Shirley Bassey Where was Shirley Bassey born? CARDIFF What is her nickname? THE GIRL FROM TIGER BAY

'Tiger Bay' is so called because of the tidal range off Cardiff and the strength of currents. Material Girl - Madonna What musical did Madonna star in as Eva Peron? EVITA Where was it set? ARGENTINA Gold - Spandau Ballet What soap opera did Martin Kemp star in? EASTENDERS (STEVE OWEN)

How is the purity of gold measured?


Is anyone wearing any gold today (jewellery or clothing)?

Money For Nothing - Dire Straits Can anyone name the lead singer and guitarist? MARK KNOPFLER What instrument does he play? LEAD GUITAR Can't Buy Me Love - The Beatles So, how many UK number 1 singles did The Beatles have, including this one from 1964? 17 (She Loves You, I Want To Hold Your Hand, Can't Buy Me Love, A Hard Day's Night, I Feel Fine, Ticket To Ride, Help, Day Tripper/We Can Work It Out, Paperback Writer, Yellow Submarine, Eleanor Rigby, All You Need Is Love, Hello Goodbye, Lady Madonna, Hey Jude, Get Back & The Ballad Of John And Yoko)

Money - Pink Floyd

Who were the band members of Pink Floyd, at the time of 'Dark Side Of The Moon' in 1973?


What date did The Eagle landing craft of Apollo 11 land on the moon?


PRACTICAL ACTIVITY Have a game of Bingo, and make sure to have some prizes on standby for 'A Line' and 'Full House'.

Or another activity suggestion, if you have any off cuts of wool handy, make pom poms with the group and collect their efforts into a display.


Millionaires Shortbread or chocolate money could be offered in keeping with the theme. For drinks, maybe a glass of Champagne or non alcohol Prossecco.

About Me

Simon O’Donovan MBE has worked in NHS Wales for most of his adult life, supporting people with dementia, their carers and families and developing and improving services to benefit this client group. 

He recently retired from working as a Community Mental Health Nurse within a Young Onset Dementia Service and continues to contribute to weekly CST 'Friendship Group' sessions as a volunteer co-facilitator.


He has been keeping a weekly 'Young Dementia CST Blog' to share and archive tried and tested activities resources, with the ultimate aim of providing an 'off the shelf' resource library of weekly themed CST sessions which can be used on rotation throughout the year. 


The main aim of this website is to share experience and resources freely, in order that others can dip in and out and use some or all of the materials provided in their own CST work. Thus it is hoped, facilitating and supporting the provision of uplifting and enjoyable sessions that optimise people with dementia's quality of life.

This site is not owned by or affiliated to any organisation. It’s a personal commitment, a not for profit exchange of ideas and a resource library which aims to enable more widespread use of CST approaches for people with dementia. 

To this end, 'Guest Blogs' are VERY welcome, but bearing in mind that no images of clients are to be used without their express written informed consent.

Please note that some images are reproduced on this blog from the internet under the 'fair use copyright' principle, in that they will only be used for educational purposes with disability groups and in no way will be linked to profit making activities.


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